Testosterone cypionate, sold under the brand name Depo-Testosterone among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men. It is also used in hormone therapy for transgender men. It is given by injection into muscle or subcutaneously, once every one to four weeks, depending on clinical indication Testosterone cypionate (Depo-Testosterone) is a testosterone replacement that acts like the natural sex hormone. Testosterone is responsible for the development and maintenance of many male features. Testosterone cypionate (Depo-Testosterone) works by adding or replacing testosterone in the body to normal and healthy levels.
This medication is used in men who do not make enough of a natural substance called testosterone. In males, testosterone is responsible for many normal functions, including growth and development of the genitals, muscles, and bones. It also helps cause normal sexual development (puberty) in boys. Testosterone belongs to a class of drugs known as androgens. It works by affecting many body systems so that the body can develop and function normally.Testosterone may also be used in certain adolescent boys to cause puberty in those with delayed puberty. It may also be used to treat certain types of breast cancer in women.
This medication is given by injection into the buttock muscle as directed by your doctor, usually every 1 to 4 weeks. Do not inject this medication into a vein. Dosage is based on your medical condition, testosterone blood levels, and response to treatment.
If you are giving this medication to yourself at home, learn all preparation and usage instructions from your health care professional. Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the liquid. Learn how to store and discard medical supplies safely. Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use a calendar to mark the days you will receive an injection.
Misuse or abuse of testosterone can cause serious side effects such as heart disease (including heart attack), stroke, liver disease, mental/mood problems, abnormal drug-seeking behavior, or improper bone growth (in adolescents). Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than prescribed. When testosterone is misused or abused, you may have withdrawal symptoms (such as depression, irritability, tiredness) when you suddenly stop using the drug. These symptoms may last from weeks to months.
The discovery of testosterone was made in 1934 by Ernst Laqueur of the University of Amsterdam. Though the process of separating this hormone from animal tissue had been attempted before, this wasn’t feasible until the 1930s. However, in the same year, three European pharmaceutical giants began a full-scale steroid research and development program. In the following years, more studies were conducted on this hormone. It was not until the 1970s that testosterone began to be isolated from its source, bovine testicles.
- Although it is present in much higher amounts in males than in females, testosterone plays many roles during human development. It initiates the development of male reproductive organs during the development of the foetus. During adulthood, it is essential for the production of sperm. It also helps the body produce new blood cells and ensures bone and muscle strength during puberty. In men, it increases libido. In boys, testosterone helps regulate the secretion of other hormones that are important during puberty.
- A testosterone test measures the level of the male sex hormone testosterone in the blood. This hormone helps the development of the male features, such as muscles and hair. The testes produce testosterone, which is produced by the adrenal gland and the pituitary gland in both sexes. It is responsible for the deepening of a boy’s voice and causes his hair to grow. It also helps with reproduction.
- The use of testosterone is regulated by signals from the brain. The pituitary gland relays these signals to the testes. The brain then controls the production of the hormone. This process is known as a “feedback loop.” When testosterone levels are too high, the pituitary gland responds by reducing the production of the hormone. A healthy testosterone level may be sufficient for normal functioning. So, when it comes to getting a testosterone test, make sure you get the right testosterone treatment for your specific needs.
- The hormone is necessary for male features to develop and is also found in higher concentrations in men than women. In men, testosterone promotes the development of the male reproductive organs and is essential for producing sperm. In women, it triggers the growth of new blood cells, and it enhances the libido. In both sexes, it is also involved in many of the puberty changes in boys. In boys, it is responsible for the secretion of follicle stimulating hormone and luteinising hormone.
- In men, testosterone is produced in much greater amounts than in women. It is necessary for the production of sperm and is responsible for many secondary male characteristics. For example, low levels of testosterone can lead to a lack of sperm, while too high levels can cause premature aging. The hormone is also necessary for the development of male features, such as deep voice and facial hair. It is also associated with a strong libido in both men and women.
Testosterone Cypionate Side Effects
- Nausea, vomiting, headache, skin color changes, increased/decreased sexual interest, oily skin, hair loss, and acne may occur. Pain and redness at the injection site may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
- Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects when it is used at normal doses.
- Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: mental/mood changes (such as anxiety, depression, increased anger), trouble sleeping/snoring, signs of serious liver disease (such as persistent abdominal pain/nausea, unusual tiredness, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine), hands/ankles/feet swelling, unusual tiredness, fast/irregular heartbeat.
- Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including: shortness of breath/rapid breathing, chest/jaw/left arm pain, unusual sweating, confusion, sudden dizziness/fainting, pain/swelling/warmth in the groin/calf, sudden/severe headaches, trouble speaking, weakness on one side of the body, sudden vision changes.
- Rarely, males may have a painful or prolonged erection lasting 4 or more hours. If this occurs, stop using this drug and get medical help right away, or permanent problems could occur.
- This medication can decrease sperm production, an effect that may lower male fertility. Consult your doctor for more details.
- If you are female, tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: deepening of the voice, hoarseness, unusual facial/body hair growth, enlarged clitoris, irregular menstrual periods.
- A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.